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The port of Trapani offers a wide range of excursion opportunities: historical, cultural, naturalistic, food & wine and many others. Places to see: Erice, Segesta, Marsala, Mothia, Selinunte, Egadi Islands, Mazara del Vallo, natural Reserve of the Zingaro, Natural reserve of the Salt Pans.
Erice is famous in the whole world for its charming medieval town, stunning panoramic views, pastries, ceramics and for the Scientific centre “Ettore Maiorana”.
According to Tucidide, Erice was founded by the Trojans, that were escaping from in the Mediterranean and they settled on top of the mountain giving life to the population of the Elymians.
Virgilio mentions Erice in his work “ Eneide”, saying that Enea came two times , the first time for his father’s death and the second time a year after for the games dedicated to his father.
According to the historians, together with Segesta, Erice was the most important town of the Elymians, in particular as religious capital. During the first Punic war, the Carthaginian general Amilcare decided the fortification and transferred some people to the valley of Erice (from here the foundation of Drepanum, today’s Trapani). Afterwards the Romans dedicated the town to “Venus”, the goddess of the roman mythology that is similar to the Greek Aphrodite. The temple of Venus was a reference point for all seamen and pilgrims of the Mediterranean, that, guided by the holy fire that the priestess of Venus kept burning, came here and laid with the priestess as tribute to Venus.
On the remains of this temple in the XII century was built, by the Normans, the Castle of Venus, that today is a symbol of Erice.
Segesta is stunning for its Doric temple and fascinating landscapes that one can admire from the top of Mount Barbaro, visitors here can go back in time, to the age of “Magna Grecia” and to the age of the punic wars. Originally, the town was founded by the Elymians in 500-600 bc. And their intention was to make Segesta become the political capitol. Beyond the temple, Segesta is famous for the theatre: located on the top of the hill in a extraordinary position, from which it is possible to see also the Gulf of Castellammare( the commercial port of the Elymians).
The theatre built in the II century b.c. is used also today for classic and modern plays and are highly recommended the ones that take place at dawn during summer, when the light of the rising sun is a one of the most charming sceneries that this place can offer.
The archaeological park of selinunte is the largest in Europe, for about 1740 squared km contains many temples, sanctuaries and altars. Founded around the middle of the VII century b.c., Selinunte is a very important cultural site representing the last …of Magna Grecia and of the “estern greeks”, that is how the colonies that disembarked in Sicily in the 700 bc, were called.
Famous in the whole world for its sweet wine, Marsala is a fascinating town rich of history. Marsala was the town were Garibaldi disembarked first in Sicily and in pre-roman age the town was the Phoenician capitol of Sicily (Phoenicians founded Marsala after Mozia was destroyed). The name comes from Marsah el Ali, port of Alì.
Mozia was the biggest and most important Phoenician colony in Sicily, located in the middle of a fascinating lagoon rich of naturalistic interest. Important to remember is: the cothon, that i san example of punic port; the punic street (under the water) that till the sixties was used by the farmers that from Marsala went to Mothia with the wagon for the grape harvest; il tophet sacred area for human sacrifices, where it is possible to see the ash vases.; the necropolis, the masics and above all the statue of the Young Boy of Mothia, that is located in the Museum of Mothia.
Mazara, as Marsala was founded in the phoenician-punic age and is one of the main centers for fishing in Italy. It is interesting to visit in the city center Catthedral, built by the normans in the XI cen. On the remains of the Great Arab Mosque. In the city center it is also possibile to visit the once building of the Gesuits, that today is an archaeological museum and there i salso a part of the building dedicated to the modern artist Pietro Consagra. The oldest part of the town is similar to an arab Kasbah: the small and narrow streets often closed refer to the arab domination in the XI and X century. Important to see id the Dancing Satiro located in the church of Sant’Egidio (one of the thirty churches of Mazara del Vallo founded by the homonimus confraternity in 1424).
A dive in the typical nature of western Sicily: the small palm, the red round, the rocks and a stunning clear blu sea alla round. The Zingaro, the first natural reserve in Sicily is one of the few earth and marine paradises remaining in Europe.
The surface is about 1650 hectares and a coast of about 7 km, made of rocks of the Mesozoic age, with many coves and also with sheers that fall to the sea from an height of 913 mt (Monte Speziale). The natural reserve is stunning for its beauty for the unique colours in each season, for its clear blu sea, for the Mediterranean nature in which it is possible to see the old country houses.
For the Greek people these islands were the borders of known world. For the Phoenician and the Carthaginian they were important commercial bases. The Romans considered them as defenses against the army of Amilcare and Annibale Barca. And so on, from the Arab, the Normans and the Spanish. Many of people’s surnames remember the different invasions. The Egadi islands today as then are part of Trapani’s horizon, the last part of Sicily before the great Mediterranean. The islands are at a few miles from Trapani and easily reachable in hydrofoil or by boat (in less than 30 minutes by boat it is possible to reach Levanzo). The islands offer unforgettable moments, stunning nature and clear blu sea and are characterized by the magic of the small and cosy fisherman towns.
to the car park